Tuesday, December 24, 2019
INCIS Introduction and Background INCIS (Integrated National Crime Investigation System) is a project that began in New Zealand from as early as 1985 but did not officially commence until 1991 when concepts and scope was being developed. INCIS was supposedly the solution to the problems of the Law Enforcement System at the time. The Law Enforcement System is better known as Wanganui Computer Center. The project was needed because the Wanganui Computer Center was aging and it was not efficient at storing information and data as well as having slow information retrieval times. The Wanganui Computer Center was nearing 15 years in age in 1991 this means that information, crime and policing needs have evolved and the system needed to evolve too in order to maintain effective policing of potential and committed crimes. The system used older programming languages and tapes to store information and data because of the combination of older programming languages and older technology to store information it lead to slower infor mation retrieval as well as capabilities limits and crime fighting effectiveness. This project was a worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first and was considered very high risk because of the fact that it was developing a system that had never been proven to work before. The purpose of the project is to develop an information system to support operational policing so the New Zealand police have the information and capabilities to minimize and prevent crime. The justification of the projectShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Integrated National Crime Investigation System Essay1944 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesINCIS by Benjamin Young INCIS Introduction and Background INCIS (Integrated National Crime Investigation System) is a project that began in New Zealand from as early as 1985 but did not officially commence until 1991 when concepts and scope was being developed. INCIS was supposedly the solution to the problems of the Law Enforcement System at the time. The Law Enforcement System is better known as Wanganui Computer Center. The project was needed because the Wanganui Computer Center was aging andRead MoreEssay on Gathering the Facts at the Crime Scene3234 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesin the reality solving homicides is not as one would see on their favorite police show. As mention previous, the intrigue with police shows on television make it difficult to found a jury that have not seen those type show. Therefore, the court system has a problem obtaining a guilty verdict because jurors wrongfully acquit guilty defendants when no scientific evidence has been presented, as they have seen on television. As Donald Shelton states in Ã¢â¬Å"the CSI Effect: Does It ExistÃ¢â¬ this so-calledRead MoreThe Youth And Anti Corruption2508 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesintegrity camps worldwide to educate the youth on anti-corruption where these integrity camps will: A. Educate on the causes and consequences on corruption such as: i. Centralized political and economic power in the elite, ii. Poor social service systems; B. Teach the youth how to effectively fight corruption with their communities by promoting awareness of corruption within individuals, C. Instill an anti-corruption culture within the youth to: i. Alleviate corruption in their country, Read MoreA Study on the Effectivity of the Philippine Prison System10770 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesTHE PHILIPPINE PRISON SYSTEM ABELARDO ELEANDRO B. ALB IS, JR. F. 11ADRONA ALICE P. 11ARINO LEONIDES S. RESPICIO To the builders of this nightmare Though you may never get to read these words I pity you; For the cruelty of your minds have designed the bel!; If mens buildings are a reflection of what they are, this one portraits tbe ugliness of all humanity. If you only had some compassion! -grafitti written 011 the wall of American State Prison I. INTROD UCTION A system is said to be effectiveRead MorePerformance of the Criminology Graduates in Relation to Board Examination : Itss Relation to Enhancement Program9492 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesAgas (2008), criminology focused on the study of crime, the causes of crime, the meaning of crime in terms of law, and community reaction to crime. It also deals with the scientific study of criminals and criminal behavior. Criminologists attempt to build theories that explain why crimes occur and test those theories by observing behavior. This course focuses on such topics as criminal jurisprudence, criminal sociology, crime detection and investigation, drug education and vice control, law enforcementRead MoreUnited States V. Arizona14319 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesor National Origin 32 V. Comment and Conclusion: Effects of the Arizona Law 36 I. Introduction The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (Ã¢â¬Å"S.B. 1070Ã¢â¬ ) has been the subject of many debates for both its potential impact on federal immigration laws and discrimination against citizens and legal residents of Hispanic origin. The Arizona State Legislature passed S.B. 1070 to reduce the continuous rise in the number of illegal immigrants and alleged consequent rise in crime ratesRead MoreLabeling, Law, and Americas Drug Policy Essay3279 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesview criminals not as evil people who engage in wrong acts but as individuals who have a criminal status forced upon them by both the criminal justice system and the community at large. From this point of view, criminal acts themselves are not significant; it is the reactions of the rest of society to acts defined as criminal that are most crucial. Crime and its control involve a process of social definition, which involves a response from others to an individuals behavior. The external response isR ead MoreFactors Affecting the Low Performance in National Achievement Test of Grade 6 Pupils6433 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pages | | | |Mathematician T. Rogers in one of his lectures notes: Ã¢â¬Å"The percentage of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population, or even of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s | |university-educated population, who could accurately state a single mathematical theorem proved in the last fifty years is small, and | |smaller still if FermatÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEssay Paper84499 Words Ã |Ã 338 Pagesrapid action revision, dated 20 September 2012-o Updates policy for the administration of unit command climate surveys: adds requirement for personnel equivalent to company level commanders; updates timelines to within 30 days (120 days for Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve) of assuming command, again at 6 months, and annually thereafter (paras 6-3i(13) and E-1a). o Updates confidentiality procedures: adds exceptions to the confidentiality of survey responses; adds requirement toRead MoreFactors Affecting Good Governance in Pakistan5795 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesEconometrics; Pakistan I. Introduction Good governance has gained significant attention in the world especially in the last decade. In recent years, good governance has attracted the attention of economists, political scientists, lawyers, politicians, national institutions, and institutions of World Bank and IMF. Since some empirical and theoretical controversies have been found on the concept and importance of good governance but it can be considered as a prerequisite for economic growth and development A Brief Note On Integrated National Crime Investigation... INCIS by Benjamin Young INCIS Introduction and Background INCIS (Integrated National Crime Investigation System) is a project that began in New Zealand from as early as 1985 but did not officially commence until 1991 when concepts and scope was being developed. INCIS was supposedly the solution to the problems of the Law Enforcement System at the time. The Law Enforcement System is better known as Wanganui Computer Center. The project was needed because the Wanganui Computer Center was aging and it was not efficient at storing information and data as well as having slow information retrieval times. The Wanganui Computer Center was nearing 15 years in age in 1991 this means that information, crime and policing needs have evolved and the system needed to evolve too in order to maintain effective policing of potential and committed crimes. The system used older programming languages and tapes to store information and data because of the combination of older programming languages and older technology to store information it lead to slower information retrieval as well as capabilities limits and crime fighting effectiveness. This project was a worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first and was considered very high risk because of the fact that it was developing a system that had never been proven to work before. The purpose of the project is to develop an information system to support operational policing so the New Zealand police have the information and capabilities to minimize and prevent crime. TheShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Integrated National Crime Investigation System Essay1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesINCIS Introduction and Background INCIS (Integrated National Crime Investigation System) is a project that began in New Zealand from as early as 1985 but did not officially commence until 1991 when concepts and scope was being developed. INCIS was supposedly the solution to the problems of the Law Enforcement System at the time. The Law Enforcement System is better known as Wanganui Computer Center. The project was needed because the Wanganui Computer Center was aging and it was not efficient atRead MoreEssay on Gathering the Facts at the Crime Scene3234 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesin the reality solving homicides is not as one would see on their favorite police show. As mention previous, the intrigue with police shows on television make it difficult to found a jury that have not seen those type show. Therefore, the court system has a problem obtaining a guilty verdict because jurors wrongfully acquit guilty defendants when no scientific evidence has been presented, as they have seen on television. As Donald Shelton states in Ã¢â¬Å"the CSI Effect: Does It ExistÃ¢â¬ this so-calledRead MoreThe Youth And Anti Corruption2508 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesintegrity camps worldwide to educate the youth on anti-corruption where these integrity camps will: A. Educate on the causes and consequences on corruption such as: i. Centralized political and economic power in the elite, ii. Poor social service systems; B. Teach the youth how to effectively fight corruption with their communities by promoting awareness of corruption within individuals, C. Instill an anti-corruption culture within the youth to: i. Alleviate corruption in their country, Read MoreA Study on the Effectivity of the Philippine Prison System10770 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesTHE PHILIPPINE PRISON SYSTEM ABELARDO ELEANDRO B. ALB IS, JR. F. 11ADRONA ALICE P. 11ARINO LEONIDES S. RESPICIO To the builders of this nightmare Though you may never get to read these words I pity you; For the cruelty of your minds have designed the bel!; If mens buildings are a reflection of what they are, this one portraits tbe ugliness of all humanity. If you only had some compassion! -grafitti written 011 the wall of American State Prison I. INTROD UCTION A system is said to be effectiveRead MorePerformance of the Criminology Graduates in Relation to Board Examination : Itss Relation to Enhancement Program9492 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesAgas (2008), criminology focused on the study of crime, the causes of crime, the meaning of crime in terms of law, and community reaction to crime. It also deals with the scientific study of criminals and criminal behavior. Criminologists attempt to build theories that explain why crimes occur and test those theories by observing behavior. This course focuses on such topics as criminal jurisprudence, criminal sociology, crime detection and investigation, drug education and vice control, law enforcementRead MoreUnited States V. Arizona14319 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesor National Origin 32 V. Comment and Conclusion: Effects of the Arizona Law 36 I. Introduction The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (Ã¢â¬Å"S.B. 1070Ã¢â¬ ) has been the subject of many debates for both its potential impact on federal immigration laws and discrimination against citizens and legal residents of Hispanic origin. The Arizona State Legislature passed S.B. 1070 to reduce the continuous rise in the number of illegal immigrants and alleged consequent rise in crime ratesRead MoreLabeling, Law, and Americas Drug Policy Essay3279 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesview criminals not as evil people who engage in wrong acts but as individuals who have a criminal status forced upon them by both the criminal justice system and the community at large. From this point of view, criminal acts themselves are not significant; it is the reactions of the rest of society to acts defined as criminal that are most crucial. Crime and its control involve a process of social definition, which involves a response from others to an individuals behavior. The external response isR ead MoreFactors Affecting the Low Performance in National Achievement Test of Grade 6 Pupils6433 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pages | | | |Mathematician T. Rogers in one of his lectures notes: Ã¢â¬Å"The percentage of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population, or even of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s | |university-educated population, who could accurately state a single mathematical theorem proved in the last fifty years is small, and | |smaller still if FermatÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEssay Paper84499 Words Ã |Ã 338 Pagesrapid action revision, dated 20 September 2012-o Updates policy for the administration of unit command climate surveys: adds requirement for personnel equivalent to company level commanders; updates timelines to within 30 days (120 days for Army National Guard and U.S. Army Reserve) of assuming command, again at 6 months, and annually thereafter (paras 6-3i(13) and E-1a). o Updates confidentiality procedures: adds exceptions to the confidentiality of survey responses; adds requirement toRead MoreFactors Affecting Good Governance in Pakistan5795 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesEconometrics; Pakistan I. Introduction Good governance has gained significant attention in the world especially in the last decade. In recent years, good governance has attracted the attention of economists, political scientists, lawyers, politicians, national institutions, and institutions of World Bank and IMF. Since some empirical and theoretical controversies have been found on the concept and importance of good governance but it can be considered as a prerequisite for economic growth and development
Posted by Unknown at 2:57 PM
Monday, December 16, 2019
Most of the statistics says that almost every person who succeeded in his life and became famous also well known was outliers, in science, invention or businesses. For example, Albert Einstein, the most famous mathematician ever, he dropped from school not college and became a role model also an idol. In the article as the author mentioned that being successful and rich doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need us to go to college complete our studies and have a certificate in the field that we are passionate about, we just have to drop school and start working on our passion. We will write a custom essay sample on Success in Life Does Not Need a Degree or any similar topic only for you Order Now She is kind of saying that college put down our hop, faith in our self and our potential, and obligating us to go in it to waste time while we can work freely on our own business. Truth to de said she did good researches and looked up for fantastic people such as, Bill Gates, Steven Jobs and Cameron Johnson that others consider them a role models and look up to them, yet she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t investigate deeply in their personal life. For example, did she interview them? Did she ask them who they met to help them? Who founded them? Thought the author Ã¢â¬â Lauren Drell Ã¢â¬â mentioned some good details about their life and what have they been through to convince us to drop college in order to start working on our passion, I disagree with her because of many reasons. First important reason, these people are courageous, for example, when Cameron Johnson dropped out from college, although his parents disagreed with him, and being accepted in any college is not easy, he ignored them and listens to his mind. As parents they were afraid on their sun future because they know how the life is difficult without a certificate, failing and becoming unemployed is hard thing to live with. Disappointment, frustration and failing might lead to some serious issue could destroy your life Furthermore dropping college after getting in it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be as easy as it sounds, because preparation for it, meet the requirements and getting a certificate as an approval saying that we are versed and professional in the major that we like, is something better than succeeding in it without a certificate. But his guts and his insistence to achieve his goal drove him to that success. I think that he gain the latent and became courageous, was because of his parents. Ã¢â¬Å"Johnson credits his business skills to his parents Ã¢â¬Å"as the author mentioned in the article. Another reason, these people are passionate and serious about what they like. For example, when Tom Szaky worked throughout his spring break not just that but he was a freshmen, he was interested in making a medicine from a weed Ã¢â¬Å"yes that kind of weedÃ¢â¬ like the author stated. Which mean that it was dangerous to his health; he could have been get hurt while he is processing and making the medicine, yet he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t care. Adding to that he was in his first year, so having fun and enjoying his time might been his main activity. But his passion, his commitment and his ambition were the things led him to accomplish what he was aiming to. I think that his intelligence as well as his geniality participated in his succession. Other example, when Jeri Ellsworth taught herself how to make chips without even studying and learning the skills. This kind of skills need the appropriate environment, equipment and professional tutor to explain the methods and gives the exact direction to make it correctly. And be able to use it in the future. Third reason is they never gave up on their dream and ambition. For example, when Ellsworth got rejected by many companies and refused to adopt her work. She might have been little disappointed, but she never stopped her work. Keep working and achieving her goal was the purpose, until a client toke the advantage of trying and examining her in invention. After that success and the client were pleased with her work, she became famous and that was her starting point to be known by others. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ I knew I had to keep networking, shaking hands and sharing my story at raid showsÃ¢â¬ Ellsworth stated Ã¢â¬â eventually one person took a risk on herÃ¢â¬ said Lauren Drell. And I am positive that the other milliners failed in some part of their path, but that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop them. Last reason, they had the desire to contribute in their societies. Helping your country and participating in the development something you will never forget it no matter how long you lived and it is a legacy and honoring achievement will be added to their career life. Such as, Bill Gates invented a program that most of the globe uses, in houses, schools and companies. The same happened with Steve jobs and his contribution in his society when he made Ã¢â¬ËAppleÃ¢â¬â¢ products. These kinds of invention will put them in their countries best inventors list and not just there but on the world list since the invention reached the globe. Their intelligence also helped them in their success in programming electronics. Because not everyone can do it that easily, it is not just a recipe and you with follow the significant amount of ingredients and it will work, but you have to have natural skills and independent thoughts to be able to create, adjust and develop computer program. To sum up normal people might not handle the pressure and the difficulty that they will face. Moreover normal people will usually have normal intelligence so that is another point we shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t overlook. On the other hand all of these millionaires are somehow Lucy; they met some people in the right time right and place this is a point that the author missed. Also their intelligence with their social circumstances participated in their success. I agree that they are a good model and people should look up to them, but we mustnÃ¢â¬â¢t overlook that they are courageous, passionate, never gave up and their desire to contribute in the society gained them the power and the insistence to accomplish their dream. And I said earlier they are Ã¢â¬Å"outliersÃ¢â¬ . How to cite Success in Life Does Not Need a Degree, Essays
Posted by Unknown at 11:26 AM
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Choose any type of Event and analys it. Answer: Introduction The following paper is intended to build and enhance the skills of a student in understanding the part played by events and other attractions in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry. Understanding the processes involved in organizing a successful event is key to an event management student. An event is an organized occasion of a social nature. Attractions, on the other hand, are features whether natural or man-made that encourages people to visit a certain place. In many countries, tourism is considered to be a major source of income and the backbone of the economy. Hence, events are planned during a different time of the year and people from all over the world visit and take part in them. For example, the 2018 Commonwealth Games as discussed below with all the details about its location and stakeholders. Type of Event, Dimension, and Associated Attractions The 2018 Commonwealth Games also known as the Gold Coast 2018 is an international event with different sporting competitions (Chappelet 2012, pp.76). It is an example of a mega event whereby, it is a huge event and has an immense impact on a countries whole economy(Coates 2012, pp.76). The Commonwealth will have an economic dimension in that, the occurrence of these games in Australia is going to greatly impact the economy, the Tourism and Hospitality Industry in particular, following the income earned from the foreign visitors that will come to the country to witness the sports (Wicker Sotiriadou 2013, pp.41). Also, the country will benefit from all infrastructures that will be developed for a successful sporting competition (Wicker Sotiriadou 2013, pp.40). Looking from another dimension, all the people involved will get a chance to experience other cultures in the food they will eat while in their stay in Australia (Clark, Kearns 2014, pp.78). Some of the attractions include aqu atic centers which will also host the swimming and diving competitions. Brief Analysis of the Events Categorization The 2018 Commonwealth Games is a sports event that also enhances the different cultures having participants from all over the world with an emphasis on the Commonwealth members (Mller, Pickles 2015, pp.62). The sports are in 18 major categories and are 275 in total. For the past 15 years, Australia has been hosting these games in Gold Coast, Queensland (Stell 2014, pp.56). The Gold Coast 2018 will occur between 4th and 15th of August 2018. The announcement for the 2018 games to be held in Australia was made in Basseterre, Saints Kitts on November 11th, 2011 (Ramchandani, Wilson 2014, pp.45). One of the key aspects that made Gold Coast a suitable location for these games is that 80 percent of the venues in the city are in a state to host world Olympics. The Carrara Stadium which is the main venue was constructed in 1986 and can hold a total of 25000 people having 23,500 seats (Bajracharya, Cattell Khanjanasthiti 2014, pp.120). The field has a length of 161 meters and 134 meters. The Commonwealth Games budget is estimated about 1.5 billion dollars. $657 million to be spent in the construction of the sporting avenues. Also, 4 security companies have been hired to ensure order and tranquility during the sports. In order to create a successful event, factors such as security and traffic need to be addressed. The Gold Coast light rail system will provide a direct connection to some of the game venues hence, the issue of participants running late due to inconveniences brought by transport will be eliminated. The participant countries are seventy all of them members of Commonwealth with six thousand six hundred athletes (Byrne 2014, pp.1205). The sports will also include the disabled people who will compete among themselves and win medals just like the rest of the people. Stakeholders and Their Involvement Being an International sports event, Gold Coast 2018 has attracted investors from all over the globe (Hall 2006, pp.67). They are in three major categories which include; the Official Game Partners, Supporters, and Suppliers. The partners include The Star Gold Coast, Griffith University, and many others. Griffith University is located in the eastern part of the Australian Coast and funded the Gold Coast 2018 since some of the students in this institution are also participants in the Olympics and by winning the games bring a lot of pride and publicity of the school (Harris 2013, pp.2069). The supporters, on the other hand, include Minter Ellison, Seek and Gold Coast Bulletin. Finally, Mediacom, Tourism Australia, Thrifty Rent A Car among many others being the suppliers. The Thrifty Rent A Car will supply vehicles to Gold Coast 2018 to be used by the competitors to take them around the city. Conclusion The Commonwealth games 2018 will bring together people of different origins and beliefs and provide so many opportunities for the participants. The Australian Tourism and Hospitality Industry will gain profits that will help it grow rapidly. The winners of the different sports will receive gold and silver medals to take back to their countries at the same time bringing a lot of pride to their country (Oliver 2014, pp.45). The involvement of the disabled in the sporting competitions provides them a chance to participate in activities that were previously seen as only for able bodied people. Bibliography Bajracharya, B., Cattell, D. and Khanjanasthiti, I., 2014, May. Challenges and opportunities to develop a Smart City: A case study of Gold Coast, Australia. In REAL CORP 2014PLAN IT SMART! Clever Solutions for Smart Cities. Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society (pp. 119-129). CORPCompetence Center of Urban and Regional Planning. Byrne, C., 2014. Relationship of convenience? The diplomatic interplay between the Commonwealth Games Federation and the Commonwealth Games host city. Sport in Society, 17(9), pp.1204-1219. Coates, D., 2012. 23 Not-so-mega events. International handbook on the economics of mega sporting events, p.401. Chappelet, J.L., 2012. Mega sporting event legacies: a multifaceted concept. Papeles de europa, 25, p.76. Clark, J. and Kearns, A., 2014. People, place and prosperity in the East End of Glasgow: An assessment of the potential economic impacts of the 2014 commonwealth games and associated regeneration activities on local communities. Report, University of Glasgow, UK. Hall, C.M., 2006. Urban entrepreneurship, corporate interests and sports mega?events: the thin policies of competitiveness within the hard outcomes of neoliberalism. The Sociological Review, 54(s2), pp.59-70. Harris, R., 2013. An Exploration of the Relationship between Large-Scale Sporting Events and Education for Sustainable Development: The Case of the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 30(17), pp.2069-2097. Mller, M. and Pickles, J., 2015. Global games, local rules: Mega-events in the post-socialist world. Oliver, B., 2014. The Commonwealth Games: Extraordinary Stories Behind the Medals. AC Black. Ramchandani, G. and Wilson, D., 2014. Historical and contemporary trends in competitive balance in the Commonwealth Games. RICYDE. Revistainternacional de ciencias del deporte, 10(35). Stell, M., 2014. Candidate cities, citizens and the Commonwealth Games: the limits of aspiration. Wicker, P. and Sotiriadou, P., 2013. The Trickle-Down Effect: what population groups benefit from hosting major sport events?.International Journal of Event Management Research, 8(2), pp.25-41.
Posted by Unknown at 8:10 AM
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Three aspects of various languages Particularity of the Arabic There are various concepts of learned philologists, circulating among whole the world about the basic language of human being. It is appreciating that nearly every philologist has collected very important information in the field of philology. All these information only provide us with details of various languages, spoken by the human beings and their concern with each other. In this regard the names of Oto Jespersen, J. Venduryes and many other philologists are highly considerable. No doubt, these learned philologists has worked with full sincerity and pointed out many important aspects of the philology. But question of the basic, natural spoken language of whole the human being was still un-solved. Attention please, in this research, I am going to explain and prove the Arabic as the basic, natural and spoken language of whole the human beings, according to the Quranic education, because this fact was firstly eclared out by the Holy Quran about fourteen hundred years ago. We will write a custom essay sample on Miracle of the Quran or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This fact has been stated by the Holy Quran in the various Quranic verses. The Meaning Aspect: The meaning aspect is the second different aspect of the human languages. It can explain in this way, that many words of different languages, having equal spoken sound, do not have the equal meanings mostly. So, this aspect is also different in various languages spoken by the human beings. 3. The Sounding or Natural Aspect The sounding aspect is only the common aspect of all the languages spoken by the uman beings, because every human being speaks according to the sounding system of the Arabic alphabetical letters. How is it possible? Although it is very easy and very simple, but first we are needed to identity the Arabic alphabetical letters, their sounds, their changeable shapes (moods) in the words and their vowel system to understand this hidden truth of the universe. For the above mentioned purpose, we shall first observe the five tables. In the 1st table actual writing shapes of the Arabic alphabetical letters, their names nd English alphabetical letters, having equal sounds to the Arabic letters, has been shown. In the 2nd table the changeable shapes of the Arabic alphabetical letters in the words, has been mentioned. While in the 3rd, 4th 5th table various sounds of the Arabic alphabetical letters followed by the different vowels of the Arabic and their roman pronunciation has also been shown. 1st Table This table shows the names natural shapes of the Arabic alphabetical letters and English alphabetical letters, which are equal in sounds to the Arabic alphabetical letters.
Posted by Unknown at 7:51 PM
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Client-Side Scripting vs. Server-Side essays Client-Side scripting vs. Server-side scripting Before a project starts, one must consider the financial situation and the available resources given. Once determined, planning and implementation of the project can be underway as well as consideration of other design criteria. The general concern of any project is how one strives to reduce operation expenses and resources. In one specific area, in deciding whether to use client side scripting instead of server side scripting, one needs to know what kind of resources are available. Client side scripting reduces the resources requirement for a server as opposed to server side scripting. This in term, speeds up the process of operation and save resources used by the server. Client-side processing reduces server load and provides faster feedback to the page visitor. It allows users to obtain resources from the Internet and still take advantage of their own computer's power to process data in real-time. By using client-side scripting, one speeds up the process and reduces resources needed by the server. Server-side scripting involves embedding scripting commands inside the HTML file. These scripting commands are interpreted and executed by a scripting engine built into the web server. What gets sent back down to the web browser is the HTML originally in the file, plus any HTML dynamically generated by the embedded scripting commands. In this case, the server needs to do extra processes, which slows down the response time as the number of users increases. The e-commerce system that I have designed is served as an employee profile entry form, which stores employee information. The form is designed so that it is easy to understand and is targeted to users who are not familiar with technology. For this reason, labels are use as well as direction under each field. Dynamic html is used in the menu bar as well as each label in the form fields. Once the mouse pointer hi ...
Posted by Unknown at 8:09 AM
Friday, November 22, 2019
Definition of Literacy Test Ã A literacy test measures a personÃ¢â¬â¢s proficiency in reading and writing. Beginning in the 19th century, literacy tests were used in the voter registration process in southern states of the U.S. with the intent to disenfranchise black voters. In 1917, with the passing of the Immigration Act, literacy tests were also included in the U.S. immigration process, and are still used today. Historically, literacy tests have served to legitimize racial and ethnic marginalization in the U.S. HISTORY OF RECONSTRUCTION AND JIM CROW ERA Literacy tests were introduced into the voting process in the South with the Jim Crow laws. Jim Crow laws were state and local laws and statutes enacted by southern and border states in the late 1870s to deny African Americans the right to vote in the South following Reconstruction (1865-1877). They were designed to keep whites and blacks segregated, to disenfranchise black voters, and to keep blacks subjugated, undermining the 14th and 15th Amendments of the United States Constitution. Despite the ratification of the 14th Amendment in 1868, granting citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States which included former slaves, and the ratification of the 15th Amendment in 1870, which specifically gave African Americans the right to vote, Southern and Border states continued to find ways to keep racial minorities from voting. They used electoral fraud and violence to intimidate African American voters, and created Jim Crow laws to promote racial segregation. During the twenty years following Reconstruction, African Americans lost many of the legal rights that had been gained during Reconstruction. Even the Supreme Court of the United States Ã¢â¬Å"helped undermine the Constitutional protections of blacks with the infamous Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) case, which legitimized Jim Crow laws and the Jim Crow way of life.Ã¢â¬ In this case, the Supreme Court maintained that public facilities for blacks and whites could be Ã¢â¬Å"separate but equal.Ã¢â¬ Following this decision, it soon became the law throughout the South that public facilities had to be separate. Many of the changes made during Reconstruction proved to be short-lived, with the Supreme Court continuing to uphold racial discrimination and segregation in its decisions, thus giving southern states free reign to impose literacy tests and all manner of voting restrictions on prospective voters, discriminating against black voters. But racism was not just recurring in the South. Although the Jim Crow Laws were a Southern phenomenon, the sentiment behind them was a national one. There was a resurgence of racism in the North as well and Ã¢â¬Å" emerging national, indeed international, consensus (among whites at any rate) that Reconstruction had been a serious mistake. LITERACY TESTS AND VOTING RIGHTS Some states, such as Connecticut, used literacy tests in the mid-1800s to keep Irish immigrants from voting, but Southern states didnÃ¢â¬â¢t use literacy tests until after Reconstruction in 1890, sanctioned by the federal government, where they were used well into the 1960s. They were used ostensibly to test the voters ability to read and write, but in reality to discriminate against African American voters and sometimes poor whites. Since 40-60% of blacks were illiterate, compared to 8-18% of whites, these tests had a large differential racial impact. Southern states also imposed other standards, all of which were arbitrarily set by the test administrator. Those who were property owners or whose grandfathers had been able to voteÃ (Ã¢â¬Å"grandfather clauseÃ¢â¬ ),Ã those deemed to have Ã¢â¬Å"good character,Ã¢â¬ or those who paid poll taxes were able to vote. Because of these impossible standards, Ã¢â¬Å"in 1896, Louisiana had 130,334 registered black voters. Eight years later, only 1,342, 1 percent, could pass the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s new rules.Ã¢â¬ Ã Even in areas where the black population was substantially greater, these standards kept the white voting population in the majority. The administration of literacy tests was unfair and discriminatory. Ã¢â¬Å"If the official wanted a person to pass, he could ask the easiest question on the test- for example, Who is the president of the United States?Ã¢â¬ The same official might require a black person to answer every single question correctly, in an unrealistic amount of time, in order to pass.Ã¢â¬ Ã It was up to the test administrator whether the prospective voter passed or failed, and even if a black man was well-educated, he would most likely fail, because Ã¢â¬Å"the test was created with failure as a goal.Ã¢â¬ Even if a potential black voter knew all the answers to the questions, the official administering the test could still fail him. Literacy tests were not declared unconstitutional in the South until ninety-five years after the15th Amendment was ratified, by the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Five years later, in 1970, Congress abolished literacy tests and discriminatory voting practices nationwide, and as a result, the number of registered African American voters increased dramatically. ACTUAL LITERACY TESTS In 2014 a group of Harvard University students was asked to take the 1964 Louisiana Literacy Test to raise awareness about voting discrimination.Ã The test is similar to those given in other Southern states since Reconstruction to potential voters who could not prove they had a fifth grade education. In order to be able to vote, a person had to pass all 30 questions in 10 minutes. All of the students failed under those conditions, because the test was meant to be failed. The questions have nothing at all to do with the U.S. Constitution and are completely nonsensical. You can try the test yourself here. Ã LITERACY TESTS AND IMMIGRATION In the late 19th century many people wanted to restrict the influx of immigrants to the U.S. due to increased problems of urbanization and industrialization such as crowding, lack of housing and jobs, and urban squalor. It was during this time that the idea of using literacy tests to control the number of immigrants able to enter the United States, particularly those from southern and eastern Europe, was formed. However, it took those who advocated for this approach many years to try to convince lawmakers and others that immigrants were the Ã¢â¬Å"causeÃ¢â¬ of many of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s social and economic maladies. Finally, in 1917, Congress passed the Immigration Act, also known as the Literacy Act (and Asiatic Barred Zone Act), which included a literacy test that is still a requirement for becoming a U.S. citizen today. The Immigration Act demanded that those who were over the age of 16 and could read some language must read 30-40 words to show they were capable of reading. Those who were entering the U.S. to avoid religious persecution from their country of origin did not have to pass this test. The literacy test that is part of the Immigration Act of 1917 included only a few languages available to immigrants. This meant that if their native language was not included, they could not prove they were literate, and were denied entry. Beginning in 1950, immigrants could legally only take the literacy test in English, further limiting those who could gain entry to the United States. Besides demonstrating the ability to read, write, and speak English, immigrants also have to display knowledge of U.S. history, government, and civics. English literacy tests have effectively been used in the U.S. as a means to keep immigrantsÃ that the government deemed unwanted out of the country, for the tests are demanding and rigorous.Ã Would you be able to pass them? REFERENCES 1.Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia, Ferris State University, 2.Foner, Eric., The Supreme Court and the History of Reconstruction and Vice-VersaColumbia Law Review, November 2012, 1585-1606ericfoner.com/articles/SupCtRec.html 3.4. Techniques of Direct Disenfranchisement 1880-1965,Ã University of Michigan, umich.edu/~lawrace/disenfranchise1.htm 4. Constitutional Rights Foundation, A Brief History of Jim Crow, crf-usa.org/black-history-month/a-brief-history-of-jim-crow 5. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, PBS, pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/voting_literacy.html 6. Ibid. 7. http://epublications.marquette.edu/dissertations/AAI8708749/ RESOURCES AND FURTHER READING Alabama Literacy Test, 1965, pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/voting_literacy.html Constitutional Rights Foundation, A Brief History of Jim Crow, crf-usa.org/black-history-month/a-brief-history-of-jim-crow Foner, Eric, The Supreme Court and the History of Reconstruction and Vice-Versa Columbia Law Review, November 2012, 1585-1606ericfoner.com/articles/SupCtRec.html Head, Tom, 10 Racist US Supreme Court Rulings, ThoughtCo., March 03, 2017, https://www.thoughtco.com/racist-supreme-court-rulings-721615 Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia, Ferris State University, ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm Onion, Rebecca, Take the Impossible Ã¢â¬Å"LiteracyÃ¢â¬ Test Louisiana Gave Black Voters in the 1960s, slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/06/28/voting_rights_and_the_supreme_court_the_impossible_literacy_test_louisiana.html PBS, The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow, pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/voting_literacy.html Schwartz, Jeff, COREÃ¢â¬â¢s Freedom Summer, 1964 - My Experiences in Louisiana, crmvet.org/nars/schwartz.htm Weisberger, Mindy, Immigration Act of 1917 Turns 100: Americas Long History of Immigration Prejudice, LiveScience, Feb. 5, 2017, livescience.com/57756-1917-immigration-act-100th-anniversary.html
Posted by Unknown at 3:32 PM
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Employee Relationship - Essay Example Finally, the paper concludes stating that a sophisticated employee relation is necessary for efficient running of any firm. It is not feasible to discuss conceptual approaches to flexible working without reference to the work of Atkinson (1984), who developed the concept of "the flexible firm" in the recognition of changes which had taken place in the nature and composition of the workforce at that time. In the model of the "flexible firm" (see Figure overleaf), Atkinson propounded the concept of "core" versus "peripheral" workers. Core workers are a permanent component of a firm's workforce who deliver functional flexibility through their capacity to undertake a wide range of tasks. In contrast, peripheral workers provide a firm with numerical flexibility, with their numbers increasing or reducing with changing labour market conditions. The flexible firm approach involves a reorganisation of a firms' internal labour markets and their division into separate components, wherein workers' experiences and employer's expectations are increasingly differentiated (see Atkinson and Gregory 1986). Bryson (1999) argues that training/development and the involvement of employees are more likely to be directed at core workers, while 'peripheral' workers will be exposed more and more to 'raw' market forces. In times of recession, peripheral or non full-time workers are much more susceptible to lay-offs and redundancies. It is not insignificant that atypical workers, including those job-sharing, working part-time or on short-term contracts, are very clearly located on the periphery of the workforce under this approach. There is little doubt that the flexible firm model was influential in the development of employment policy in UK private and public sector organizations in recent years (see Lawton and Rose 1994). The extent to which this placement of atypical workers as peripheral workers truly reflects the reality of life in Irish organizations remains to be seen. There is certainly evidence to show that, in the Civil Service, opting for flexible, family friendly working arrangements, such as job-sharing, is perceived as unlikely to enhance longer-term career prospects (see Humphreys, Drew and Murphy 1999). However, what is clear is that, given the frequent gender differentiation between core and periphery workers, it is absolutely vital from both the equality and 'family-friendly' viewpoints that flexible working arrangements move in from the periphery to the core of organizational activity and thinking. - http://www.welfare.ie/publications/work_fam/chapter3.html INDIVIDUALISM AND COLLECTIVISM Individualism and collectivism are conflicting views of the nature of humans, society and the relationship between them. Individualism holds that the individual is the primary unit of reality and the ultimate standard of value. This view does not deny that societies exist or that people benefit from living in them, but it sees society as a collection of individuals, not something over and above them. Collectivism holds that the group---the nation, the community, the proletariat, the race, etc.---is the primary unit of reality and the ultimate standard of value. This view does not deny the reality of the individual. But ultimately, collectivism holds
Posted by Unknown at 12:43 AM
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Lab Report Of An Experiment To Find Out the Example of Passive Transport Processes in Cells - Essay Example Present lab report would focus on the example of the passive transport in cells. A cell membrane is one of the most important parts of a cell. It is the outer layer that covers the cells of animals including man. This membrane is described as selectively permeable - a factor that contributes to its ability to control the substances that will pass across it into or out of the cell. This unique characteristic of the cell membrane makes it suitable for the processes involved in passive transport (Rondell, & DaufiÃÅ', 2007). Passive transport is an important process that occurs across this membrane and involves the movement of substances in and out of the cell without using any energy. This movement is facilitated entirely by the moleculesÃ¢â¬â¢ inherent kinetic energy (Raber, 2000). Examples of passive transport processes include osmosis and diffusion. In this report, I consider an experiment carried out in a laboratory to demonstrate the process of osmosis is it occurs in across the cell membrane. Definition of terms Hypotonic solution- this refers to a situation where the solute molecules concentration outside the cell is lower when compared to the concentration of solutes molecules within the cell. Hypertonic solution- solute molecules concentration outside the cell is higher when compared to the solute molecule concentration within the cell. Isotonic- a situation where the solute molecules concentration within and outside the cell is equal.... Fasten one of its ends to create a bag. Rub the other end between your fingers to separate the edges and cause it to open. 2) Put 15ml of the 1% starch and 15% glucose solution in the bag. Fasten off the remaining open end, making an allowance for the content expansion. Document the weight and color of the solution at the beginning of the experiment in a data table. 3) Take the glucose test strip and use it to investigate the presence of glucose in the 1% starch 15% glucose solution. Use the data table to record your finding. 4) Take a 250ml beaker, fill it with distilled water, and add about 4 ml LogolÃ¢â¬â¢s solution then use the data table to record the resultant color of the solution. Analyze the solution to find the presence of glucose and record the findings in the data table. 5) Submerge the bag into the solution in the beaker. 6) Give the set-up a period of about 30 minutes to settle or until color change in the beaker or the bag is evident. Document the last color of the s olution within the bag, and the color of the solution within the beaker in the data table. Take note of the bag final Weight and document it to in the data table. 7) Use the test tape to analyze the solution in the bag and the one in the beaker for glucose presence and record the findings in the data table. Data table ITEM INITIAL CONTENT INITIAL COLOR INITIAL MASS FINALCONTENT FINAL COLOR FINAL MASS Dialysis bag-(1st experiment) Starch/glucose solution white 30g Starch /glucose solution purple 34g Beaker Ã¢â¬â (1st experiment ) H2O/Iodine Yellow H2O/Iodine/glucose yellow Dialysis bag-(2nd experiment) Starch/glucose solution Milky white 24g Starch /glucose solution Blue-purple 26g Beaker Ã¢â¬â (2nd experiment H2O/Iodine
Posted by Unknown at 7:46 AM
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Subsidiary Ledgers and Special Journals Essay A subsidiary ledger is a ledger that includes all of the details of a general ledger, and it holds accounts with similar attributes. The purpose is that is can contain things such as accounts receivable and accounts payable and it can show the sum total. The advantages of using subsidiary ledgers is that the sum of all the accounts is kept in the General Ledger and all of the details of the accounts are kept in the subsidiary ledger which is separate so you can keep them in different columns so to not get confused. A control account is an account that contains the total number of sales/purchases made. If you add up all of the individual accounts it should equal the control account, also known as a summary of the account. The purpose of a control account is that it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to contain all of the details but it will have all of the financial information organized accurately. The accounts receivable and accounts payable ledgers are two general ledger accounts that act as control accounts for a subsidiary ledger. Cash receipts journal, cash payments journal, sales journal, and the purchase journal are the four different special journals of accounting. The advantages of all the journals are that transactions that occur on a daily basis can be put into a specific journal and one person can be in charge of that journal. All of the information can be tracked in one place which can make the work much easier as well. A cash payments journal can be used with any company that deals primarily with cash which is most companies. A cash receipts journal is sometimes used for the sales of a product to help track transactions. Purchase journals are used with companies that make a lot of purchases on one account while sales journals are for companies that perform purchases. The sales journal posts the sum on the general ledger at the end of the pay period/month.
Posted by Unknown at 8:17 PM
Thursday, November 14, 2019
COMPARISONOF MILITARY LEADERSHIP THROUGHOUT THE AGES No leader should put troops into the field merely to gratify his own spleen; no leader should fight a battle simply out of pique. But a kingdom that has once been destroyed can never come again into being; nor can the dead ever be brought back to life. Hence the enlightened leader is heedful, and the good leader is full of caution. - Sun Tzu Introduction Tommy Franks, general of the American Army states that soldeirs should have a high competance in their workplace, are caring, direct to their peers and sub-ordinates, hard and tough in all conditions, thoughtful to the people of all and most importantly a leader. He states Ã¢â¬Å"You would have to be a coward if you were a commander and you were not afraid for your menÃ¢â¬ . Understanding that statement leadership is not the same in all levels. Majors and Leuitenant Colenels are not leading a section into battle, but on the flip side you donÃ¢â¬â¢t see a lance corporal moving battalions stragecally over the battlefield. This is the fact that leaders of all levels sometimes forget, that everyone in the army is a leader of some respect. Although there are obviously many inspiring leaders, although the following leaders chosen have different appraoaches to the way that they led their country. These leaders show the way that you can bring a country from strength to strength with leadership skills. These include the up and down life of Sadaam Hussein, Triumph and loss of Adolf Hitler, the coming from nothing to the conquering Napoleon and finally the comparison of the great to the poor leaders. This essay will enlighten the issues of leadership of well known leaders and compare them with the text leader from the Australian point of veiw. It will also bring current leaders into a perspective to compare them with the leaders of yesteryear and provide an argument where they may have gone wrong. What is a leader? Australian Defence force definiton of leadership is; leadership is the continuous influencing and directing of men in tasks which they accomplish their willing obedience, confidence, respect and loyalty in the manner urged by the leader. Qualities of leadership involve leading by example with the use of the following traits; Motivation, Courage Ã¢â¬â physical and moral, Decisiveness, Responsibility, iniative, integrity, judgement, knowledge, loyalty, selflessness ... ...e and has no integrity. Saddam did show a lot of initative though, ordering his armies into neighbouring countries and conquering them. On the other hand Napoleon and Alexander the Great are very similar in their leadership traits. This is because Napolean studied many battles of Alexander and moulded himself to act like the leaders of that era. Alexander was the break through of technology with the long bow and cavalry, where as Napoleon proved Sun Tzu 1963, The Art of War (translated by S. Griffith), Oxford University Press, London, p. 10 Most influential people of the world dor 2003. 2030 9th Jan 2004 Channel 10 as above Leadership Theory and Practice - green as above Small Unit leadership Ritter, S. and Riverspit, W. 2002, War on Iraq Ã¢â¬â What team Bush doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want you to know, Context Books, New York p. 5 Harris, B. 2003, URL: www.moreorless.au.com/killers/hussein.htm Ritter, Brevic, M 1999, Warfare: Alexander the Great, Digital Attack p. 2 URL:http://www.pvv.ntnu.no/~madsb/home/war/alex/ General Failings URL:http://www.insead.fr/mauborgne/newsppracticles/FT/FT%20General%20Failings%20061202.htm as above as above as above as above as above Brevik as above as above Brevic
Posted by Unknown at 8:48 AM
Monday, November 11, 2019
It is clearly showing that for the p rapports it is going in the correct direction. With the market expected to grow in terms of market volume, mutinously year on year reaching its final point 1 increase above the baa SE year in 2014 and showing the same trend however with a greater increase for the market v alee, expecting to grow by around 300% over the period shown.This data clearly backs up the e idea of the proposal as it is suggesting that they are entering a market that is showing the at it should be thriving in the forthcoming years and therefore suggesting that they should g o into the new market earlier rather than later because as the car club market increases like the data suggested so will the competition that is in the market, therefore making it ha deer for them to enter the market the later they wait.Secondly if they do decide to go ahead with the proposal, the data suggests the at the company is likely to become more professional in the way it operates as they move i nto a prestigious office in London this will come with a more decentralized organizational struck true. What this means for the company is the fact that the decision making process is spread out to include the more junior managers in the hierarchy, making the decisions made close r to the customer and therefore should hopefully mean that the end service is going to be close to what those who are going to consume it want.It is also a good way of training junior man eager into how the decision making process works and allows them to be making decisions in the company from very early on, therefore increasing the responsibility they have in the such cues, this will also improve the motivation that they have for their job and decrease the decide Soon making time.Further to this it will have a massive positive effect on the staff turnover of the business as shown in Appendix C from Human Resources, this table shows that labor turnover is restarted to fall to 5% from 30%, this could be due to the new structure Of the e business, allowing everyone a part in the fundamental decision making process that face sees them every day or the fact that with better working conditions such as a large office in Lo Indo and a higher salary they are bound to be happier in their work. Further to this the 10 w labor turnover will hopefully reduce the training costs that they are pumping into the e new strategy.As they have a huge budget for training you assume that this will mean that e employees should feel more motivated as they see the effort the company is putting in to et them highly trained in their job, this should mean that the high cost of training will very m such be a one off cost to the business as this alongside the low labor turnover means that the y should be in a position where they aren't training new recruits regularly, only if the case arise sees that they have to expand or when they decide they are doing well enough in the market to d o so.Further to the arguments above the AIR of the investment into the car club p rapports is forecasted to be 15. 6%, this figure passes the expectation of the Directors' who o said they anted it to be at 12%, this means that they are going to achieve the original investment of E Million quicker that what is expected however there could always be the chant CE for error in the forecasted figures. Other arguments for the proposal would be the fact the at the cost of traveling is predicted to increase by 20% over the next 4 years as price of peter 01, car tax and insurance is growing more and more over time.Also as said in the date an Inc erase in the emphasis of reducing our carbon footprint has led to people questioning thee r decision to own a car, and this will be further contemplated as car clubs become ever more pop alular, therefore paving the way for car clubs to come into the market. Finally the car club Indus story has a proven track record and therefore instead Of it being a risky option for the co many what it in fact is doing is differentiating testifiers a market that they are beginning to I SSE market share in.Arguments against: My first argument against would be the fact that they are already running a s successful car rental business and as with any business why would you change something if it is still bringing in a decent revenue, their USPS Of being a no thrills business that is always undo recruiting its imitators is always going to appeal to the tourist that is looking for a simple e car hire for their time in the country.However the case study does then go onto say that they a re losing market share in a competitive market, therefore they need to change something. Ho waver maybe the idea of moving into a market that is not as widely well known could be devastate dating especially as First Cars PL has no previous experience of the car club market, this could lead to a large amount of unwanted start up costs as they haven't really got someone d riving the project that IS likely to know exactly what is happening.Further to this the car club market is already occupied by a lone large company owning 60% of the market share m meaning that it is a monopoly as a result of this they are going to have to do something dramatic calla different to have any affect on the market they are moving into as without a strong USPS t here is no way they will fare well against an already well established successful company that dominates the market market share.Secondly the previous question tells us that the website is likely to take 1 0 we seeks longer than what the critical path analysis says in Appendix B, because they don't think the t they can design and test the website in under 15 weeks this means that Amy has made a massive mistake and misjudged by 1 0 weeks, this will have a detrimental effect on the whole process and will put it back to last 27 weeks as opposed to the 23 weeks previously sees admitted, this also changes the critical path from BEG to CHI].As a result of this First Cars P LLC could experience a number of serious cash flow problems as instead of the comma nines website getting up and running and the first orders coming in, will still be in the pro diction process causing a further cost to the business creating no revenue.
Posted by Unknown at 9:19 PM
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Nobody likes war; it is so costly in so many ways. Lives are lost, property is destroyed, people are injured and some are disabled mentally and physically. Because of this many people think war must be avoided at all costs. All these facts regarding the high cost of war on a country are true. On the other hand there are situations in which a nation has an obligation to go to war. Their were many times in the United States history when the decision to enter a war was in question. World War II was a time when people were arguing about whether or not the United States should enter a war against Germany, Japan and their allies. When this war started WWI was still fresh in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s memories. The citizens knew how bad war could be. Many people felt that these new problems were not the United States problems and war should be avoided. Author Jon Bridgman tells us in an article in the Seattle Post- Intelligencer Ã¢â¬Å"The nation was deeply and bitterly divided on the question of our participation in the war. American isolationists felt that the war in Europe and Asia was not our problem and that we should stay out of itÃ¢â¬ . Of course other people knew that war was going to come, because Germany and Japan were proving they wanted to take over the world. The argument was settled by Japan. There sneak attack on Pearl Harbor solved the argument. They forced us into the war. The attack they made in Pearl Harbor was a direct attack on the United States military and a direct attack on United States land. Now US citizens knew it was all out war for the countries survival. On September 11, 2001 the US was again attacked. This time it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t by another country but by terrorists. It was similar to the Pearl Harbor attack because Americans were surprised and thousands of people lost their lives. The big difference was that the attack was not done by a country but by terrorists from many different countries. The citizens of the United States pretty much agreed that this was an evil act and that the terrorists needed to be stopped so that they could not attack again. The problem was that it was not a country that attacked but a terrorist group hiding and spread out across several countries. Who could the United States blame and hold responsible for the attacks? President George Bush immediately blamed Afghanistan and later Iraq for letting terrorists use their countries to train and operate. He felt these countries should be attacked so terrorists could be stopped. The President sent our troops to Afghanistan and the troops were successful in that area and then President Bush decided the US needed to invade Iraq. This is when the argument about going to war in another country was the United States concern. A lot of people had heard that, Saddam Hussein, the leader of Iraq was a supporter of terrorists and also a threat to the world. The argument about attacking Iraq was big. If you look b ack to 2003 when people were arguing this you can see that their was enough people who wanted to go to war. Nicholas Lemann wrote in an article in the New Yorker magazine that Ã¢â¬Å"Everyone agrees that Saddam Hussein is truly evil, everyone agrees he has weapons of mass destructionÃ¢â¬ . On the other side of the argument many countries and people disagreed with attacking Iraq. Many inspections done by the United Nations could not find weapons of mass destruction. President Bush eventually convinced the United States Congress that Iraq was dangerous and the US army attacked Iraq. It turned out after a tough fight, the United States military could not find any weapons of mass destruction. A report in the Washington Post said Ã¢â¬Å"The new report from the Iraq Survey Group has confirmed beyond any reasonable doubt what most people have assumed for the past year: At the time of the 2003 U.S. invasion, Iraq did not possess weapons of mass destruction, and most of its programs to produce them were dormant.Ã¢â¬ The United States was wrong about the weapons. Even though the pro- war people were wrong about the weapons of mass destruction they felt that they were stopping a horrible dictator who could have been a big threat in the future. At least the army fought terrorists because as the war dragged on the United States did eventually find itself fighting terrorists because many terrorists came to Iraq to face the United States army. Lionel Beehner reported in the Backgrounder magazine that Ã¢â¬Å"Large-scale suicide attacks in Iraq are up in recent months, demonstrating that al-Qaeda in Iraq and its homegrown affiliates remain a potent force.Ã¢â¬ In both of these cases the United States went to war to provide safety for United States citizens. In both these cases the United States was attacked. In both these case people debated and argued about going to war .Yes many people were killed and injured but these examples show that there is definitely situations when a country is obligated to go to war. Works Cited John Bridgman Ã¢â¬Å"Lessons learned from two days of infamyÃ¢â¬ Seattle Post -Intelligencer Sunday December 2, 2001 Nicholas Lemann Ã¢â¬Å" How It Came To WarÃ¢â¬ The New Yorker March 31, 2003 Editorial Ã¢â¬Å"Weapons That WerenÃ¢â¬â¢t ThereÃ¢â¬ The Washington Post October 7,2004 Lionel Beehner Ã¢â¬Å"Al-Qaeda in Iraq: Resurging or Splintering? Backgrounder
Posted by Unknown at 3:17 PM
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Decorate an Eyeball Cake Bake and decorate a creepy eyeball cake for Halloween, birthday or fun science parties. This cake is very simple to make. Although it looks eye-catching, it doesnt require any special pans or cake-decorating materials. Bake the Eyeball Cake Select your favorite cake mix. White cake matches the frosting, but you could add red food coloring to a mix to make a bloody eyeball. Yes, its gross, but that is the point, right? Preheat your oven (350Ã ° F).Spray a glass or metal 2-qt mixing bowl with nonstick cooking spray.Sprinkle the pan with flour. Shake out any excess.Bake the cake. It will take about as long as if you were baking a bundt cake... probably around 35 minutes.Allow the cake to cool completely.Remove the cake from the bowl and set it on a plate. If the cake sticks, you can use a rubber spatula or butter knife to help release it. Decorate the Eyeball Cake Frost the entire cake with white frosting. If you want a perfectly smooth eyeball, use white icing, which is thinner and sets with a glossy finish.Draw an eye using blue or frosting. You can use a glass to imprint a circle shape in the white frosting.Fill in the pupil of the eye with black frosting or use a circle made from construction paper. I used a mini-Reeses wrapper.Use red gel frosting to trace blood vessels in the white of the eye. Bon appetit!
Posted by Unknown at 9:15 AM
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Compounds with Heart Compounds with Heart Compounds with Heart By Mark Nichol Heart appears as the first element in a couple dozen compounds, but the nouns are divided between open compounds (like Ã¢â¬Å"heart attackÃ¢â¬ ) and closed compounds (as in the case of heartache), and a couple of adjectives are hyphenated (as with heart-healthy). Is there any method to the madness for these differing styles? Generally, terms associated literally with the central component of the circulatory system are closed compounds, while those with figurative meanings are open. Compounds having to do with the blood-pumping organ include Ã¢â¬Å"heart attack,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"heart disease,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"heart rate.Ã¢â¬ Heartbeat is an exception in form, but the term is also used figuratively, as in Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢d go in a heartbeatÃ¢â¬ to refer to how quickly one would travel somewhere if given the chance. The closed compound heartburn, meanwhile, refers to a condition of the body, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s a colloquial term for indigestion that has nothing to do with the heart. (The pain is centered in the esophagus, which is close to the heart.) Nonliteral usage includes numerous nouns referring to love and its complications, including heartache and heartthrob, as well as adjectives for emotions surrounding positive feelings, such as heartfelt and heartwarming, that are closed. The only one of these words that has multiple part-of-speech variations is heartbreak: Heartbreaker refers to someone who habitually causes heartbreak, and a victim of such a person is heartbroken, though this emotion is also associated with disappointment (Ã¢â¬Å"She was heartbroken about not getting the jobÃ¢â¬ ) or betrayal (Ã¢â¬Å"SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to support him left him feeling heartbrokenÃ¢â¬ ); the adjectival form is heartbreaking and the adverbial form is heartbreakingly. Other closed compounds allude to the heart as the core of the body, as in heartland to refer to the central part of a landmass, with a connotation that the region represents industriousness or other traditional values, and heartwood, which denotes the core of a tree. (The heartwood of a pine tree is called heart pine.) A type of fruit is called heart cherry, based on its physical resemblance to the stylized image of a heart, and a similarly shaped shellfish is called a heart cockle. Besides the adjective heart-healthy, the only hyphenated compound in which heart is the first element is the rarely used adjective heart-free, to refer to someone who is not in love and thus is less likely to become heartbroken. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Dialogue Dos and Don'tsYay, Hooray, Woo-hoo and Other AcclamationsPersonification vs. Anthropomorphism
Posted by Unknown at 2:50 AM
Saturday, November 2, 2019
Translating the CST Tradition - Essay Example It is to say that a Catholic ought to consider a politician beyond the veil party positions and go the extra mile to analyze the politicianÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint as it relates to human life. In principle and retrospect, it is important to note that the findings of this paper will assess the impact of the Catholic Social Teaching on the contemporary society. In the recent past, the American clergy and part of the Bishops have been involved in attempts and endeavors to shape the social thought process of the society. It is the line with the idea and principle that recognizes that man is continuously facing obligations that may vary and mutate with each passing day (Keenan146). There are dynamic moral issues in the human environment which have occasioned the American Catholic Bishops to take a position accordingly. As a matter of fact and principle, there are unique roles and positions that the Catholic Bishops in America have assumed additional to their primary call. For instance, in most countries in the world today, there is the notion of religious liberty where all the religions of the world are expected to coexist. The Bishops have innately expressed the legitimacy of the Catholic religion while acknowledging the presence of other faiths. It is not to imply in any way that the other faiths and religions are illegal or improper; rathe r Catholicism is the one true religion in the world (McCarthy 158). In retrospect, this paper will delve and analyze the impact of the Catholic Social teachings on the contemporary society and the role of the American Bishops relative to the dynamic cultural inclinations of the society. The role of the Catholic Bishops has in the recent past changed to give opinion and direction to the things happening around in the society. The changed rules however derive their moral obligations and founding from the USCCB priorities. The priorities include promoting family life, social justice, enforcing
Posted by Unknown at 8:24 PM
Thursday, October 31, 2019
Democracies - Essay Example However, different inaugurals, studies, and declarations such as; The Four Freedoms which were presented by Franklin D. Roosevelt for the strengthening of democracy; the UDHR; President ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Inaugural; etc. This paper critically analyzes these articles and declarations on the topic which are in significant relevance with each other; UDHR and Four Freedoms and KaplanÃ¢â¬â¢s Article and ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Inaugural. Moreover, it will also highlight the impacts on each other. Likewise, other responsible democracies of the world, United States also have great respect and serious interest towards democracy and human rights. These components have long been the core focus of the U.S. Foreign Policy. The increased emphasis on democracy by its leaders, government, and other concerned authorities is because of the fact that it allows them to advance their national interests on global levels. Moreover, the freedom for religion and the workers and labor rights as essential American ideologies are also well promoted through it. It is believed by the U.S. Government and people of U.S. that, democratic nations have more contribution towards global peace; it helps in diminishing aggression; allows expanding open markets, and ensures and safeguard the basic rights of Americans (Patterson). It is due to these reasons that many U.S. Presidents have addressed the topic of democracy and has shown its importance in their speeches at different occasions. Similarly, different institutions and the UN have also highlighted its significance. The UDHR in 1948 was also presented to show the vitality of the human rights. It was due to this declaration that the organized community of nations declared the human rights and the relevant essential freedoms for the first time (United Nations). However, the declaration was presented for democracies all over the world and was conceived as Ã¢â¬Ëa common standard of achievement for all people and nationsÃ¢â¬â¢ (United Nation s). It was formulated to measure and identify the level and degree of respect for an agreement with the international human rights principles. Varying from economic, social, cultural, to political rights, to which all individuals are authorized without any differentiation, the UDHR consists of 30 articles (United Nations). Declaring all humans as equal individuals since their birth (Article 1), the UDHR is a complete set of rules. The economic, cultural and social rights to humans are mentioned in Articles 22-27. All individuals are declared as equal members of the society (Article 22). The declarationÃ¢â¬â¢s mandate limits everyone and every state and government to provide all humans the same rights without any discrimination (Article 2). The declaration in its 4th Article also highlights the curse of slavery telling that no one should be held in slavery or servitude (United Nations). The right to justice is also declared to all individuals and that all of them can make use of th e right before the law as a person everywhere. Right to privacy (Article 12) and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion is also declared to all in Article 18. Article 19 deals with the freedom of expression and speech. The declaration also deals with religion giving every human equal right for it (Article 26). The United NationÃ¢â¬â¢s, UDHR worked as a chief declaration for the human rights and many democratic states including U.S. followed it with its full implementation. However, the
Posted by Unknown at 3:06 PM
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Short answers,Times New Roman,font size 10.5 - Coursework Example Moreover, there is an innovative aspect based on the process need that is otherwise deemed to be a weak link evidenced in every process. It is characterized by the fact that the majority intends to move around the problem instead of making an attempt towards the success of the success of an enterprise solution. Ultimately, Drucker also contributes to the development, demographics that constituted the population size structure and employment background and a new knowledge with advanced scientific assumptions thus creating new products and new market demands (Mitra 25) Mitra (25), points out at various attributes how technology has contributed towards the realization of entrepreneurial activities. The fundamental technological advancement is critical in the advancement of scientific understanding of entrepreneurial activities. Besides, it has contributed to the initiation of different kinds of industries that are either owned privately or by the state. Moreover, technology has also played a vital role in the conceptualization of feedbacks from the already existing enterprise while utilizing the results to enhance further technological advancements. On a number of occasions, government policies are seen as barriers to innovative aspects and entrepreneurial developments. In essence, a change in certain policies of the government often has devastating effects towards the success of entrepreneurial activities. According to Mitra (28), the government for setting up various policies and deployment of resources that are also characterized by incentive-oriented strategies thus most likely to affect the forces of the market demands. Mitra (33) explains that an economic equilibrium theory may not give a proper understanding of the entrepreneurial relationship because it mainly concentrates on the production function. Moreover, it concerns rationalization choice
Posted by Unknown at 12:52 PM
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Facebook and Knowledge Management Until the advent of Facebook, no inventor of an Internet-based technology has ever been heralded on TIME Magazine as person of the year (Grossman 2010) until Mark Zuckerberg came up with an invention that ate the world (Grossman 2009). The importance of Facebook as a technological platform has been unparalleled precisely because it has transcended from being a mere digital platform to become a part of the social reality of people around the globe (Naughton 2010). In the Facebook Age, knowledge creation has become ubiquitous. People transmit and consume knowledge every second as they share information, thoughts, opinions, and multimedia (Richardson 2010). This innovation started out as a college tradition before becoming a social networking site (Grossman 2007). Facebooks launch occurred in 2004 in a Harvard dorm room and started out as a networking for undergraduate students (Fuglsang 2008, p. 13). Students get introduced to one another using photographs into a physical facebook patt erned after Hot or Not where students got to vote who looked hotter in compared photos (Schwartz 2003). From its origin as a networking tool, Zuckerberg developed it into a web-based service where members can post their profiles containing information such as birth dates, employment, interests, favourite books, favourite music, and others (Schonfeld, 2008). Moreover, the service enabled people to privately communicate with each other through messages or by posting a message on someones wall (Richardson 2010). During his interviews, Zuckerberg underscores the motivation behind Facebook: enhancing real connections (Grossman 2010). His theory revolves around the fact that people communicate most naturally and effectively with those they know friends, family, and associates. All Facebook did was to provide information to a set of applications through which people want to share information, photos or videos or events (Calrson 2010). Today, Facebook is a way of life for millions of peopl e, which as of January 2011 total 600 million users (Carlson 2011). Due to its phenomenal rise and usage, Facebook has become a significant product that has several implications for the practice of knowledge management. How Facebook has revolutionised collaboration for knowledge management One area where technology has become a crucial tool for knowledge management has been in collaboration. Among the fundamental goals of knowledge management is to improve organizational performance by enabling individuals to capture, share, and apply their collective knowledge to make optimal decisionsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦in real time (Smith and Farquhar 2000, p. 17). Knowledge management goes beyond technology facilitating information sharing and collaboration; it creates and sustains communities of practice, copes with culture and behavior of people, and creates trust and validated content (Payne 2007).The use of technology for collaboration has vastly changed from what it meant 10 years ago. The evolution could be divided into stages: Disks and file transfers via email. Before, collaboration referred to the process of transferring files one-by-one via email or passing around floppy disks. This proved time-consuming for people and difficult to retrieve information; labelling was either incomplete, out-of-date, or the contextual information was vague. The effect was that people took too much time browsing in order to retrieve data (Adler and Kwon 2002). Network drives. After file transfers came the more advanced collaboration tool by using network drives so that all folders can now be accessed by all through a local network. Yet, this system of collaboration posed problems: it was limited by memory and attention spans and personal connections. People still relied on others to determine where data can be retrieved. A linear relationship existed between the time required to manage data and the size or number of data being managed. Hence, managing data was still time-consuming and people found minimal incentives in dealing with data or information management. Web-based software solutions. The advent of the Internet made collaboration easier especially when Web-based collaboration software was developed by companies. A case in point is Microsoft SharePoint which offered features that allowed the smooth flow of information: alerts, document libraries, forms, surveys, discussion boards, personal profiles, categorizations, and functions such as pulling information from data sources on the Web (Payne 2007). Despite expanding access to resources and organizing data at the same time protecting information, what lacked was a critical element of the collaboration process: user participation. Social networking. Encouraging people to become active participants in the knowledge management process is a challenge. With the popularity of social networking sites like Facebook, knowledge management has now considered the use of the social media approach to stimulate collaboration (Shih 2009). Facebook offers not merely a platform where people exchange information it also enhances satisfaction and emotional gratification because the engagement becomes personal and hence, more fun. Effective collaboration requires two primary elements: adoption (number of teams having access to the system) and engagement (number of people regularly using the system) (Alavi and Leidner 2001). Social media such as Facebook has revolutionised the way knowledge management among organisations has been defined. Current state of the art of Facebook: a review From a simple networking technology, Facebook has progressed and evolved in terms of interface and interaction for users, ability for knowledge creation, as well as potential threats to knowledge creation (Gawer 2009). Interface and interaction for users. Many interface changes have been made to address privacy issues and improve page management for Facebook users. Some of these changes were received positively and negatively. On the one hand, the new privacy features limited knowledge sharing and exchange while on the other hand, it also enhanced trust during the knowledge exchange. Some of the following listed here are the major interface changes in Facebook: May 2006 Networks are expanded to workplaces as well as colleges and high schools. September 2006 News Feed and Mini-Feed are added, aggregating profile changes of friends. New privacy settings are made available. Additionally, registration is expanded so anyone can join. May 2007 Facebook launches their Applications platform. July 2007 Facebook removes the profile field that allows users to list their courses. March 2008 New privacy controls are added (Lampe, Ellison and Steinfeld 2008). October 2010 Facebook changed user interface to accommodate its Groups feature. The Edit Notifications button was changed to Edit Settings and users have the option to opt out (Constine 2010) February 2011- Providing one-click link for various administrative tasks, removal of tabs for page improvement, a new masthead composing five images latest to be added (called Photostrip) (Ware 2011) Ubiquity in knowledge creation. What makes Facebook lead its rivals such as MySpace is its friendliness to third-party application developers. Facebook developed an application programming interface (API) which developers can now use and take advantage of in the context of social networking at Facebook. Developers can now utilize user social graphs and from there design applications which would enhance user interaction in a myriad of ways. Aside from user interaction, businesses stand to gain from API because advertising and financial transaction functionalities can also be integrated. However, the key element to the ubiquitous knowledge creation in Facebook is the news feed which has already been patented to Zuckerberg. Developers could now tap into the social graph of users and create applications of all types that would allow people to interact in new and interesting ways. Once a user posts information, status, media, or installs an application, a message kicks off and appears in the news feeds of all the users friends (Treadaway and Smith 2009, p. 186). For November 2007, more than 7,000 applications were developed using the Facebook Platform or roughly 100 every day (Rampell 2007). There were over 400,000 registered application developers (Ustinova 2008). Moreover, Facebook simplifies gathering and connecting information between images, videos, and text. Its structure allows individuals (nodes) to be connected to information from non-connected individuals; for instance, a user can view messages through the news feed made by unconnected contacts to the users friends. Moreover, groups are able to create knowledge based on interest such as social or political groups or a group of experts exchanging knowledge. Another interesting feature that enhances knowledge creation is Notes which allows individuals to create content on topics or concepts (Kirkpatrick 2010). People may respond through the comment facility which refines and develops information further. Som e of the numerous features which Facebook has that contribute to knowledge creation include: liking; comment; ratings; threaded conversations; feeds; automatic updates when specific things of interest happen; the ability to ask questions (survey); the ability to make requests; and the ability to pass word along about things that are happening (Hearn 2008, Gawer 2009). Factors that help or hinder KM when using Facebook. While Facebooks API platform has made knowledge creation and knowledge sharing easier, it has also raised questions of privacy. Some of the popular apps that Facebook has have become spam or in some cases, relayed identifying information without users consent (Acohido 2011). These are then transmitted to advertising companies and Internet tracking businesses (Steele and Fowler 2010). Privacy issues have affected nearly 10 million Facebook users; this issue is forecast by some tech experts to plague Facebook for years to come (Malbon 2011). The impact of Facebook of KMS Knowledge work. Facebook has facilitated the process in which users share their knowledge with a group of other users or an organisation (Hearn 2008, p. 74). The sharing of knowledge can be within a closed or open community. In the knowledge sharing process, users possess the knowledge they contribute (Van Grogh 1998, p. 151). This means that the identity of the users is known and associated with the contributions. Ideally, users have full control over the content with respect to granting and withdrawing access rights for sharing, grouping, and annotating contributions (Alavi and Leidner 2001) but loopholes in Facebook has led to significant privacy control issues (Van Grove 2010). Collaboration communication. Mass collaboration using digital technologies like Facebook is transforming all aspects of the knowledge society even more rapidly than envisioned (Howlett 2010, p. 21). These users can give hints, make suggestions how to solve the problem, or give concrete solution directions (Choi and Lee 2003). Private communication between the users through the collaborative problem-solving platform is not possible, thus all feedback, hints, answers, and solutions provided are visible to all users of the community (Golder and Huberman 2006). There are however features which allow for private communication. Management. Facebook has had several implications for management. First, there is the perceived loss of productivity because of excessive engagement with social networking sites. An article featured in The Economist stated that an IT company lost over 1.4 billion pounds (USD 2.3 billion) yearly due to overuse of social networks during working hours. The same article cited how banning Facebook from the workplace would improve productivity (Yammering away at the office 2011). However, Facebook has also revolutionised the recruitment process because it has made information transparent. In fact, almost half (47%) of executives in the U.S. reported that they browsed through the Facebook pages of potential candidates and from that information, made decisions pertaining recruitment (Anonymous no more 2010). Trust issues. Perhaps the biggest issue with Facebook in relation to knowledge management is trust (Schwartz 2011a). Privacy experts have repeatedly indicated that Facebook sent user information to its advertising through cookies (Van Grove 2010). Essentially, Facebook is said to have deanonymised the whole social networking process and only when the issue gained significant media mileage did Facebook act (Malbon 2010). The future of Facebook The future of Facebook with respect to KMS seems bright but if it is unable to resolve privacy issues, it may find itself out of the lead (Schwartz 2011b). Facebook may lead to fast and easy knowledge creation but the high participation of end users presents problems such as privacy issues and low productivity. The Facebook Platform allows the integration of different kinds of knowledge particularly the integration of applications and the constant creation of content (Gawer 2009, p. 134; Kirkpatrick 2010). Facebook, when properly managed, can provide knowledge management support for professional organisations as well as of non-professional organisations.
Posted by Unknown at 10:24 AM
Friday, October 25, 2019
The Northern lights are poetry, they are nature's light show, and they are quantum leaps in the oxygen atom. They are elementary particle physics, superstition, mythology and fairy tales. The northern lights have filled people with wonder and inspired artists; they have frightened people to think that the end is at hand. More exact explanations of the phenomenon could not be given until modern particle physics were developed, and knowledge about details in the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s magneto sphere has been based on measurements from satellites. When the northern lights are seen over TromsÃ ¸, it happens in a set pattern, although this pattern varies considerably. The outburst starts with a phosphorocent glow over the horizon in northwest. The glow dies out and comes back, and then an arch is lit. It drifts up over in the sky. And new arches are lit and follow the first one. Small waves and curls move along the arches. Then within a few minutes a dramatic change is seen in the sky. A hailstorm of particles hit the upper atmosphere in what is called an aurora sub-storm. Rays of light shoot down from space, forming draperies, which spread, all over the sky. And they really remind us of draperies or curtains, which are flickering in the wind. And you can see a violet and a red trimming at the lower and upper ends. Or the colors are mixed all together, woven into each other. The curtains are disappearing and forming all over again by new rays of light shooting down from space. Above our head we cans see rays going out in all directions forming what is called an aurora corona. After 10 to 20 minutes the storm is over and the activity decreases. The bands are spread out, disintegrating in a diffuse light all over the sky. We can not see individual pockets of light, but the total effect is bright enough to enable us to make out details of the countryside around us. If we look very carefully, we can see the remains of the northern lights display as faint, pulsating flames. Clouds of light which is turned on and off regularly every 5 - 10 seconds as though by an electric light-switch. The natures own gigantic light show is over. What causes the northern lights? To answer this, we start with the sun whose energy production is far from even and fluctuates on an 11-year cycle. Maximum production coincides with high sunspot activity when processes on the sun's surface throw particles ... ...ll over the sky. 7) Bands of northern lights one above the other, raising towards the zenith indicates that the sub storm is starting. 8) Rays of light shoot down from space tells about higher activity. 9) Draperies are formed with waves at the lower end. 10) Curls and waves wave along the draperies. 11) The draperies look as if they are flickering in the wind. Maximum activities close. 12) The interaction between the moving charged particles and the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s magnetic field creates a charging magnetic field. The particles stream down along the magnetic field lines. 13) Rays and draperies can die out in one place of the sky, and form at another. 14) During the maximum of a sub storm, the whole sky can be full of light. 15) An all-sky (fish eye) picture showing that the draperies are stretched from east to west, through zenith. 16) When the activity reaches Zenith, by an optical illusion, it seems like the rays stretch out in all directions above our heads. This form of the northern lights is called aurora corona. Works Cited http://www.uit.no/npt/nordlyset/nordlysbilder.en.html http://www.uit.no/npt/nordlyset/ Way North Magazine, publication by TromsÃ ¸ Museum.
Posted by Unknown at 7:56 AM
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Marriage can be defined as a union between a man and a woman. This was initiated by God after the creation. Marriage enables individuals to procreate by having children. People who are married usually live together and this makes it possible to share responsibilities in the house. People are expected to live happily in marriage considering that marriage occurs between individuals who love each other. During marriage, individuals take vows that they will live together as a long as they are alive. However, this has changed and what has been observed is that some marriages break after some time.Court cases facilitating divorce have been on increase. In the previous years, divorce was something that was unacceptable. However, the society seems to be accepting divorce due to the circumstances surrounding a marriage. The highest proportion of the society members argue that divorce should not be allowed due to its consequences. In United States, people believe that people have the freedom t o do whatever they wish with their lives. In this regard people should be allowed to divorce when they feel that there is a need. This research paper will argue against divorce in the society.It will also look at both sides of the argument so that it can prove there is a need to protect marriages (Clarke-Stewart). Divorce has many negative consequences for the couples involved and the children in the family and this is why it should be avoided at all costs. Financial management is a challenge to divorced couples. Individuals should consider the costs associated with divorce. In the first place, the divorce process requires expenditure. This may be so expensive for the couples involved. Second, the parties involved need to seek a new residential area which involves a cost.One of the parties incurs greater costs in meeting the costs of paying school fees for the children. If there is no divorce, it means that individuals share these costs such that there is no burden in meeting these expenses (Peterson). Two individuals are also able to better plan for their finances for the future benefit as compared to when all the decisions are made by one individual. The money that could have been wasted in the divorce process could be invested so that the couple can receive future revenues from their investment activities.There are various reasons why people divorce. In the first place, couples argue that there is lack of commitment in their relationships. This means that one of the partners is less concerned about the social needs of the family such as socializing, meeting financial needs, meeting educational needs of the children and planning for the future. This makes one person to seek a happier marriage elsewhere after divorce (Wallerstein). When both persons are not committed infidelity is a constant problem, a partner may be unfaithful such that he/she engages in extramarital sex.In this case, the other partner feels that this is not acceptable considering that the c urrent world is full of sexually transmitted diseases some of which are very dangerous. The offended party in the marriage finds that the best way to deal with the situation is through divorce. Another reason is financial problems. Unfortunately, money is a problem for almost everyone, and it is even more so with married couples who more than likely split the bill in most situations, financial obligations can cause conflict between couples.When they get married, they have to be certain that they are financially prepared for an increase of expenses, especially if the birth of a child is involved. Also unemployment can cause conflicts between the marriage, due to arguments about expenses, not being able to find a new job, or one individual feeling superior to the other. When this happen couples opt for a divorce since after the separation the stress will be less and money can be manage better by just one person. Communication is essential to a successful marriage.We have all heard thi s at some point in our lives but at the present time there are many married couples that lack of communication for several different reasons such as work schedules, demanding families or even technological distractions. This soon creates anger and frustration builds up, which ends in larger issues. Larger issues are not as easy to solve as smaller ones. Even if the couple manages to work out these issues and stay together, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not a real marriage. Without communication, there is no relationship and therefore the marriage is ready for divorce.Generally, there are many challenges that make people to divorce. These reasons are reasonable and people seek to be in marriages that are more satisfactory. Some of the problems that lead to divorce are intentional and some spouses find it difficult to continue with marriage. Some Christians also argue that individuals are allowed to divorce if the reason for divorce is infidelity. Infidelity is unacceptable even to the Christians and p eople are allowed to divorce if this happens in their marriage.
Posted by Unknown at 5:10 AM